While Africa is first alphabetically, it is second in both population and size among the Earth’s seven continents. Over 1 billion people can call Africa home. The people of Africa are spread across 54 different countries in Africa. This continent is home to 15% of the world’s population and the continent makes up 20% of the total land area on planet earth. The equator passes through the center of the continent which provides for largely warm and/or tropical climates. The northern and the southern portion of Africa have more temperate conditions. Of the continents of the world, Africa is unique in that it stretches between the northern and southern temperate zones. Africa is also attributed with being the birthplace of mankind. The oldest fossil evidence of Homo sapiens was found in the eastern part of the continent.
Africa’s large size and varying climates make it host to many of the most interesting species of plants and animals on Earth. There are currently more than 7,000 different species of mammals, fish, and birds in Africa. There are more than 100,000 species of insects as well. Here you can find both the largest ( African Elephant) and tallest (Giraffe) animal.
There are several bodies of water surrounding the continent of Africa. You can find the Indian Oceanto the southeast, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the northeast. The continent of Europe and Africa are very close together. They are only 8.9 miles(14.3 km) apart on the northwest corner of Africa. At 4,352 miles long, the Nile River is the longest river in the world and runs along the northeast side of the continent.
|Burkina Faso||Ouagadougou||17,322,796||274,000 km2|
|Cape Verde||Praia||491,875||4,033 km2|
|The Central African Republic||Bangui||4,616,000||622,984 km2|
|The Comoros||Moroni||743,798||2,235 km2|
|Cote d’Ivoire||Yamoussoukro||23,202,000||322,463 km2|
|The Democratic Republic of the Congo||Kinshasa||67,514,000||2,344,860 km2|
|Equatorial Guinea||Malabo||736,296||28,051 km2|
|Ethiopia||Addis Ababa||86,613,986||1,104,300 km2|
|The Gambia||Banjul||1,849,000||11,295 km2|
|Mauritius||Port Louis||1,257,900||2,040 km2|
|The Republic of the Congo||Brazzaville||4,448,000||342,000 km2|
|Sao Tome and Principe||São Tomé||187,356||964 km2|
|The Seychelles||Victoria||90,945||455 km2|
|Sierra Leone||Freetown||6,190,280||71,740 km2|
|South Africa||Pretoria||52,981,991||1,221,040 km2|
|South Sudan||Juba||10,625,176||644,329 km2|
|Western Sahara||Laayoune||567,000||266,000 km2|