South America – Continent

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The South American continent is the southern portion of the larger American continent and located in the southern hemisphere. The equator passes through the continent offering a tropical climate for much of the landmass with temperate conditions possible in the south. South America is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean on the western border and the Atlantic Ocean on its eastern border. This continent is the fourth largest of the 7 continents and is made up of twelve countries with being the largest in terms of both land mass and population.

South America is home to incredible biodiversity. South America includes the Andes Mountains which comprise the longest range of peaks in the world. It is home to the Amazon River, which passes the largest volume of water of any river in the world. You can also find the Amazon rainforest which is the worldโ€™s largest rainforest and is host to some of the most unique plants and animals on Earth. The continent is home to llamas and alpacas that originally were wild but became domesticated nearly 5,000 years ago.

The indigenous people of South America may have migrated south from North America although the majority of its current 371 million residents are of European descent. The population is largely along the Pacific and Atlantic coasts with large portions of the inland regions hosting small and widely spread populations. Colonization efforts by Spanish and Portuguese explorers ultimately lead to the prevalence of those languages on the South American continent.

Area 6.888 million miยฒ
Population: 422.5 million (2016)
Countries: 12
Largest Country Brazil
Largest City Sรฃo Paulo, Brazil
Smallest Country
Highest Peak Aconcagua, (22,830 feet above sea level)
Lowest Point Laguna del Caron, Argentina (344.5 feet below sea level)
Major Religions Roman Catholicism, Protestant Christianity, Hinduism, Islam
Major Languages Portuguese, Spanish, English, French, Dutch
Flag
Country
Capital
Population
Total area
Flag of Argentina Argentina Buenos Aires 41,660,096 2,780,400 km2
Flag of Bolivia Sucre 10,027,254 1,098,580 km2
Flag of Brazil Brazil Brasรญlia 201,032,714 8,514,880 km2
Flag of Chile Santiago 16,341,929 756,096 km2
Flag of Colombia Bogotรก 47,506,000 1,138,910 km2
Flag of Ecuador Quito 15,699,200 283,561 km2
Flag of Guyana Georgetown 784,894 214,969 km2
Flag of Paraguay Asunciรณn 6,783,374 406,752 km2
Flag of Peru Lima 30,475,144 1,285,220 km2
Flag of Suriname Suriname Paramaribo 534,189 163,820 km2
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Port of 1,328,019 5,130 km2
Flag of Uruguay Montevideo 3,286,314 175,016 km2
Flag of Venezuela Caracas 28,946,101 912,050 km2
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